The Clinical Trance and Hypnosis:

The clinical trance is an altered state of consciousness; usually it is created by the therapists. During the trance, person becomes unable to use reasoning and interpretation process of his brain, the conscious quits and subconscious turns extremely passive to the suggestions put in. The clinical hypnosis is used to enable this type of altered state of consciousness or state of created trance.

According to The Synopsis of Psychiatry (H I Kaplan, B J Sadock– 7th edition: BI Waverly Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi Page-857) The Hypnosis is a complex mental phenomenon that has been defined a stage of heightened focal concentration and receptivity of the suggestions of another person. It has also been called an altered state of consciousness, a dissociated state, and a stage of repression.  

The Hans Berger, in 1929, developed an EEG machine to measure the electrical frequencies of brain. He revealed that the brain generates some measurable regular waves, those may be categorized in four slabs- beta, alpha, theta and delta.  The frequency slabs correspond to certain kinds of physical and physiological activities.

Created Trance:
A process to slow-down the brain frequencies

Physiological Features in Accordance of Brain Frequencies:

Beta (β)- We are working within 14 to 20 CPS range of the brain frequency when we turn out to be excited, irritated, feared, disturbed, anxious the frequency range increases likely up to 30 CPS. Persons suffering from acute hysteria, over burst, infuriated gain 40 to 60 CPS frequency. Higher frequency range prepare to increase blood supply on cerebral cortex, so that it causes to start overloaded frequent breathing pattern along with accelerated mental activities as restlessness, altered state of consciousness, irrelevancy, impatience etc.

When a man works normal ideal physiological conditions then brain maintains 14 to 20 CPS frequency. Hyper temperament, hysteria or mania is caused to be accelerated brain frequency signals signify over active.

Advantage: Awake, normal alert, conscious, ability to analyze data reasonably and logically, practical sense about experiences, men at work.

Alfa (α)- When we close eyes, start taking long deep breaths and try to concentrate without interference of sensory approaches the frequency turns into alpha. At where, automatically everything begins countdown, even blood pressure, breathing cycle and brain frequency. When we drop into the sleep the cerebral cortex becomes gradually inactive and turns it functions at least level. When we could not conscious then observe dreams. At alpha frequency range we experience the appearance of subconscious that try to take place consciousness. Physiologically we find very well and quite clam with reduced blood pressure, decreased breathing pattern. At the same time cerebral cortex release less frequency and signify it is unable to proceed data, due to least blood supply therein.

This is known as lethargic and cataleptic state of hypnotic trance. In this stage, the suggestions directly influence the neuro-muscular system. Muscles correspondingly, rather slavishly and promptly respond to the suggestions.

Advantage: Relaxed, calm, meditation, creative visualization, lethargic state, activation of subconscious mind, cataleptic control, feeling lethargy, low respiration and heart beat, prompt suggestibility.

Theta (θ)- The Theta frequency is more deeper than alpha. Where persons feel more calm and quite. Also it signifies a proper suggestivity and positive responses under hypnotic trance. Physiologically, the basal ganglia may be accessible to recalled long term back memories remained therein. Also person can experience some psychic phenomenon, heart beat and breathing gradually slowed-down than alpha, it varies from 4 to 8 CPS.

This is also known as the somnambulistic stage of hypnosis. The conscious mind becomes completely defunct. Subconscious and unconscious become active. Extraordinary sense of perception (ESP) prevails over. Both the subconscious and the unconscious behave like an open book. In this stage, mind-wash and mind culture may be done.

Advantage: Deeper relaxation and meditation, problem solving, cataleptic and somnambulistic state, deeper state of subconscious mind, extraordinary sense of perception (ESP), somnambulism, performance of proper suggestibility.

Delta (δ)- The Delta frequency is concerned with  the deepest state of mind and brain, this is like a condition of coma. This slab takes one to perform ‘samadhi’, vegetation or hibernation like biological states. Not much known about it.

Advantage: Deepest dreamless sleep, state of coma, unconsciousness, vegetation, hibernation.

The Clinical Utility of Trance:

The awakening conscious frequency is called beta, it is above than 13 cps. When a person droops in to the sleep, the decreased brain frequency runs between 13 cps to 5 cps. Most of usual sleep takes place in alpha and theta range. The clinical hypnosis helps to decrease the frequency of brain without obtaining the natural sleep. Such a moment, subconscious becomes open for suggestive input. During the course, the therapist imposes verbal suggestions; that inducts the brain psycho-neurologically. In this way, accordingly the phenomenon of brain plasticity is taken-palace.

The technique is called Inductive Psychoplasty.

The Clinical Utility of Inductive Psychoplasty:

1. Spinal cord regeneration
2. Recovery after brain cell injuries


© Dr.J.P.Singh